Lyme Disease

What is Lyme disease?

It is a skin disease that is transmitted through ticks that are infected with the disease.

What are the signs and symptoms of Lyme disease?

A rash develops over the course of 3 days to 1 month for the majority of patients bit by an infected tick. The bite has a bull’s-eye appearance and is referred to as a bull’s-eye rash.

Other signs and symptoms include:
• Flu-like symptoms including muscle ache and joint pain;
• Swollen lymph glands;
• Sore throat;
• Tiredness;
• Facial muscle paralysis;
• Irregular heartbeats; and
• Arthritis.

How is Lyme disease diagnosed?

Blood tests are used to diagnose Lyme disease.

How is Lyme disease treated?

Early symptoms of Lyme disease respond well to antibiotics (amoxicillin or doxycycline) for 2 to 3 weeks. Lyme disease with arthritis requires higher doses of antibiotics and is combined with Probenecid. The treatment period is extended to 1 month. With meningitis or heart disease the patient has to be treated with high doses of intravenous Ceftriaxone for 2 weeks and subsequently will receive a regular course of oral antibiotics for 3 to 4 weeks.