What is acne?

Acne is a skin disease that affects the oil glands of the skin. It is a hereditary disease that can also be caused or worsened by a hormonal imbalance. The underlying disease process is a complex interaction between changed oil gland secretions and the growth of special acne bacteria. This interaction leads to an inflamed reaction and the formation of black heads (comedones) and potentially white heads (pustules). These can lead to deeper skin abscesses and even carbuncles.

Who does it affect?

As acne tends to be related to hormones, it typically affects adolescents as they enter puberty. Those who have a genetic trait linked to acne may experience acne for five to ten years after puberty before substantial relief is noticed.