Diagnosis

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

A thorough work-up is needed to come to an accurate bladder cancer diagnosis.

Physicians can use the following tools to make a diagnosis:

• Urine cytology – helps to determine if the cancer is present in the urinary tract;
• Cystoscopy – cheap nba jerseys enables ray ban sunglasses sale the physician to view the bladder nfl jerseys cheap and perform В a Wholesale Jerseys biopsy;
• Bimanual examination – indicates how widespread Baratas Ray Ban the cancer is;
• Biopsy;
• CT scan – indicates how widespread the cancer is;
• Bone scan – indicates how widespread the cancer is;
• Chest X-ray;
• Ultrasonography or MRI scan – indicates how widespread the cancer is; and
• Genetic tests.

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