Breast Problems

What are common breast problems for women?

Breast abnormalities are very common for women as breast tissue responds to hormone fluctuation, and particularly to changes in prolactin and estrogen levels.

Here are some of the more common conditions:

Breast cancer

Breast cysts

Breast implants

Breast infection

Breast pain

Breast self-examination

Fibrocystic breast disease

Lactating breasts

Large breasts

Lump in breast

Nipple discharge

Nipple retraction

Orange skin (peau d’orange)

Palpable mass

Vague breast thickening (breast nodularity)

What are breast cysts?

Cysts in breasts are common. They are often felt during a breast self-examination. If they occur cyclically, they usually part of fibrocystic disease. Ultrasound examination shows that they are filled with fluid, even if they may feel solid. Fine needle aspiration often stops the pain and has the advantage that a fluid sample for cell testing can be examined by a pathologist to rule out cancer. However, most of the time they are harmless.

What are breast implants?

Breast implants are often silicone implants for breast augmentation. However, there are other plastic surgery techniques such as muscle flaps using different techniques. This can be done in breast cancer patients where a larger piece of tissue has to be removed or for cosmetic breast surgery (breast reduction surgery or breast enlargement surgery).

Breast implants are useful in cosmetic breast surgery in order to achieve symmetrical appearance. However, silicone implants cannot be tolerated by every woman. There can be a problem such as inflammatory changes that develop around the intact silicone breast implant. This leads to a fibrous cyst, which walls off the regular tissue from the implant. In case of mini leaks, the body Wholesale Jerseys forms new fibrous tissue around the silicone, which walls-off minor leaks. Years later the fibrous capsule can get calcified and may be uncomfortable.

What is a breast infection?

Breast infections are rare except in the period after childbirth. With breast feeding, the breast-fed newborn often causes skin cracks of the nipples, which can lead to nipple infections. Skin and mouth flora from the newborn can subsequently enter under the mother’s skin layer of the nipple and breast causing various tissue infections. The most common ones are skin yeast infections and breast abscesses.

Superficial yeast infections usually responds to topical anti-fungals. A breast abscess often will need incision and drainage by the physician followed by antibiotic therapy.

What is breast pain?

Pain in the breast is a very common symptom in women especially for those who are premenstrual. Breast pain is a non-specific symptom and is most often due to fibrocystic breast disease. But other structural changes such as breast cyst, fluid retention and breast cancer could also be the cause. Some women may have fluid retention secondary to other causes including metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance).

There is an FDA-approved non-drug method available, IceWave patches from Lifewave, which will control pain.

What is breast self-examination?

Breast self-examination is part of a screening program that also includes a yearly mammography (for women above 40 years of age) and physical breast examination by the treating physician.

Here is a simple three-step method of breast self examination:

1. Once per month, breasts should be examined in front of a mirror. Look for any asymmetry that you were NFL Jerseys China not aware of before, surface changes, dimples, lumps under the skin, etc.

2. Examine each breast separately as depicted here. Feeling for a lump inside the breast or for something stuck under your skin that is not in the other breast.

3. Examine each armpit with the fake ray bans fingers of the opposite hand looking for a swollen gland under the armpit. If this were present, you would detect a hard lump in the depth of your armpit, which you would not find in the other arm pit.

If any of these three steps done on a monthly basis results in a positive or query finding, have it re-examined by your physician. When breast cancer symptoms are present, the breast cancer is often already advanced beyond the first stage. However, with breast self-examination, a woman can ensure that she is breast cancer-free or detects early when treatment is highly successful.

What is fibrocystic breast disease?

About 40% of breast lumps are caused by fibrocystic disease. It is often symptomatic in the premenstrual period of the menstrual hormone cycle when progesterone from the ovaries increases blood flow to the breasts. This leads to more nodularity in a woman who has this tendency.

How is fibrocystic breast disease treated?

Depending on the clinical findings, there may be a follow-up or tests are performed when there is suspicion of cancer. Mammography is usually not recommended in a woman younger than 30 except for a high risk setting with a family history of genetic breast cancer or prominent symptoms on only one breast. Digital infrared thermal imaging can be utilized where available to help distinguish between fibrocystic breast tissue and early breast cancer.

Iodine deficiency is something that has been known to be the case for fibrocystic disease for several decades.

A low fat, high fiber diet with soy isoflavone (found in soy products or soy protein powder) will give relief for this condition. Cutting out cigarette smoking and curtailing excessive alcohol consumption has general health benefits and in my opinion contributes to some reduction in breast pain.

Other treatments include:

  • Simple diet changes such as the zone diet plan;
  • 50 mg of iodine supplementation (8 drops of Lugol solution diluted in water);
  • bioidentical progesterone cream applied to the breast during the second half of the cycle;
  • vitamin E at bedtime, 300mg of magnesium, and 50 mg of vitamin B6.

There is an FDA-approved non-drug method available, IceWave patches from Lifewave, which will control pain.

What are lactating breasts?

Breast milk coming from the nipples of a woman’s breasts should only be present during the period after childbirth. However, if milk is present it could be due to: hypothyroidism, trauma to the chest wall, prescription drug side effects or prolactin from a pituitary gland tumor (prolactinoma).

Diagnostic tests would include TSH level and prolactin level, and with elevated prolactin a pituitary gland MRI. If a benign prolactin producing adenoma is found, this can be observed as often they resolve spontaneously. However, if it does not resolve or worsens, a referral to a neurosurgeon would be needed. Replacement with thyroid hormone is necessary in the case of hypothyroidsm.

What are large breasts?

Large and pendulous breasts can be a nuisance and often run in families as a genetic trait. The breast weight is such that the bra straps cut into the shoulder and cause upper back and shoulder pain. The upper back often develops a forward curve (kyphosis) which can lead to difficulties breathing over the years.

For clinically significant cases the physician might consider referring the woman for an assessment by a plastic surgeon to see whether a reduction mammoplasty is necessary.

What are cheap fake oakleys lumps in the breast?

Breast lumps are very common and, fortunately, often benign. However, as cancer breast lumps are not infrequent, each lump must be investigated until a malignancy has been ruled out.

If there is a hard lump in the breast, there is more of a probability that it might be a cancerous lump versus a rubbery or soft breast lump that would more likely be a benign breast lump. An ultrasonic examination will distinguish between a cystic lesion and a solid lesion. A cystic lesion is common and is mostly benign. A solid lesion needs a fine needle biopsy or if this is technically difficult, would have to be surgically removed (called “lumpectomy”). More information about breast lumps are here.

What is nipple discharge?

About 60% of women can express a small amount of yellowish or green nipple discharge from both of their breasts. This is normal and is different from the discharge of milk.

However, discharge spontaneously from one breast (image) is a potentially serious matter as this would be associated with a high breast cancer risk. This type of discharge is usually watery, bloody or sticky and must be investigated by a physician. A breast examination will be performed to look for a lump in the breast or a breast mass. A mammogram should be done for a woman older than 35 years.

What is nipple retraction?

A retracting nipple can be a sign of an invasive breast cancer. The physician should be consulted immediately.

What is orange skin (Peau D’Orange)?

Peau d’orange in one of the signs and symptoms of an invasive breast cancer that invades the skin from underneath, giving the skin of the breast Intuition an irregular surface instead of the normal smooth surface. The skin surface feels similar to that of an orange.

What is a palpable mass?

A breast mass in a woman’s breast is abnormal and is one of the important signs of breast cancer.

What is vague breast thickening (breast nodularity)?

A woman’s breast that is made up of 15 to cheap jerseys wholesale 25 subunits (lobules) that a lumpy feel when examined through the layer of subcutaneous fat that surrounds them. The breasts feel most nodular just prior to the periods (premenstrually) and breast self-examination should be avoided then to avoid unnecessary anxiety. The best time for breast self-examination is right after the period.

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